Operation Yellow Ribbon

Operation Yellow Ribbon was started by Canada to handle diversions of civilian airline flights directly after the September 11 attacks in 2001. The main goal was to ensure that potentially dangerous air traffic be removed from United States airspace as quickly as possible, and away from potential U.S. targets, and place these aircraft on the ground in Canada, mostly at military and civilian airports in the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, and British Columbia (and also several in New Brunswick, Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec) where their destructive potential could be better contained and neutralized. As none of the aircraft proved to be a threat, Canada and Canadians subsequently undertook to play host to the many people aboard the aircraft during the ensuing delay in reaching their destinations.
Canadien authorities began the operation after the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration(implementing Security Control of Air Traffic and Air Navigation Aids grounded all aircraft across the United States. The FAA then worked with Transport Canada to re-route international flights to airports in Canada.
During the operation, departing flights, with the exception of police, military, and humanitarian flights were cancelled, marking the first time that Canadian airspace had been shut down. As a result of Operation Yellow Ribbon, 255 aircraft were diverted to 17 different airports across the country.
Further reading, download the book ”Four days in september” http://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/mediaroom/Sept_11_2001_Four_Days_in_September.pdf


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